This website is specifically about acid rain in the forests of Germany, but this natural disaster is all over Europe, even in the north-east U.S. Below is the reason for this man-made problem.
Acid rain is a term used to define a mixture of rainwater and hazardous pollutants collected from the air. These hazardous pollutants are released as gas emissions caused by power plants, among other things. When the rain falls, it harms anything it touches. You can find out how below. Wind can sometimes blow acid rain over hundreds of miles, so the only way to completely stop this natural disaster is for everyone to join together and stop pollution.
Here are some types of HAPS (hazardous air pollutants)
These pollutants are all pretty bad.The biggest contributer in carbon monoxide. Most pollutants are released from car emissions. Automobiles release harmful gasses into the air, which contribute to acid rain. Coal, oil, and gasoline are also some other causes of the pollutants.
Acid rain has a big affect on the world around it. Acid rain causes acidification in lakes and streams, which flow to the sea, where it is evaporated, thus repeating the vicious cycle.
Acid rain harms everything in its path. Centuries old buildings and sculptures have been ruined due to the acidic content in acid rain. Culture has been tarnished by new age-problems.
Trees are also harmed by acid rain. In Germany, the forests all look like skeletons of what they once were. Scientists believe that the acid harms the waxy outer coating that protects leaves, letting the hazardous gases seep into the leaves. This prevents the leaf from taking in Carbon Dioxide, which is needed to perform photosynthesis. The plant will eventually die. By harming the protective coating, the trees also cannot withstand cold very well. The acid soaks into the ground, taking most of the valuable nutrients needed for the tree to survive. It leaves aluminum in its place, which is very harmful to plants.
Acid rain has a big effect on animals an humans, too. Breathing problems, nervous system problems, and lung problems are caused from the inhaling of gases in acid rain. Also, the acid rain soaks into the soil we plant our crops in, acidifying the ground.